Chile has an unusual geography, with cooling influences from the Pacific and Andes but also plentiful sunshine. The vineyards range for more than 900km north to south but rarely more than 100km from east to west.
Generally speaking the climate is warm Mediterranean. Sustainable and organic grape growing and wine making are widely practised. Chile is the only wine-producing country free of the phylloxera bug.
Chile's most important red grape is Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay is the most popular white. The vine was introduced to Chile's Central Valley by the Spanish Conquistadores in the mid-16th century.
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